Zakat or charity is one of the basic pillars of Islam as our religion focuses on it too much. It has two meanings as per defined by Quran and Hadith
• To increase
• To purify
Explanation of Zakat
There is a fix amount of money which is obligatory to pay annually in order to purify the wealth of a person because it is used for the purpose of charity. It is a kind of tax which is applicable on rich Muslims with the intention to distribute among poor Muslims. Islam lays great focus on zakat because Islam does not allow to accumulate wealth in some hands rather focuses on distribution so that everyone lives a balanced life.
Revelation of Zakat
Zakat was made an obligation in Makkah but the final revelation was made in Madinah in 2nd hijri. There are nearly 26 verses in which Allah had commanded about Zakat along with the Salah.
Conditions of Zakat
In Islam there are some conditions that are important to fulfill as an obligation for zakat. Any man or woman that follows in following category has an obligation of zakat.
• Financially stable
• Free (not a slave)
• Owner of things mentioned below
• Free from debt
• Property should be halal
• Saved for more than one year
Eligibility of Zakat
There are eight categories mentioned in Quran for Zakat. It can be given to anyone who is
• Poor or baggers
• Persons who collect the Zakat
• Persons converted to Islam
• To free a slave
• To pay debt of indebted
• In the path of Allah.
Zakah expenditures are only for the poor and for the needy and for those employed to collect [zakah] and for bringing hearts together [for Islam] and for freeing captives [or slaves] and for those in debt and for the cause of Allah and for the [stranded] traveler – an obligation [imposed] by Allah . And Allah is Knowing and Wise. Surah Ut Tauba verse 60.
Persons considered as extended family
• Sister and her family
• Brother and his family
• Paternal uncles, aunts and their families
• Maternal uncles, aunts and their families
But one should keep in mind that Zakat should be given to needy ones. If the extended family is financially stable then Zakat will not be applicable on them.
Zakat cannot be given to
• Financially stable
• Non Muslims
The reason of not giving Zakat to the parents or children or wife is that because one is liable for the expenses of these relations so one should spend money on them but not in the form of Zakat.
When Zakat is payable
According to Islamic ruling, Zakat is payable on a sum of money or a property or precious metals or agricultural possessions which are saved and not used for more than one year because it is considered as excess than needed.
Things on which Zakat is applicable
Islam has clearly specified the amount and fixed assets, zakat is applicable upon, so that there is no doubt about payment of zakat.
• 7 and a half tola Gold or
• 52 tola Silver Or
• Money equivalent to 52 tola Silver or
• Combination of any two of the above mentioned or all the three equivalent to 52 tola Silver.
Amount of Zakat
The sum of Zakat is 2.5 of the savings in any form which are kept and not used for more than one year.
Things on which Zakat is not applicable
The things which are in continuous use of a person are exempted for Zakat, like
• household things
• Precious stones
• Horse, donkey or mule
• Metals other than gold and silver.
Time to pay Zakat
There is no fix time to pay Zakat. Normally, people prefer Ramadan to give Zakat as the reward of good deeds during this month is multiplied but one can give Zakat during whole year.
Proof from Quran
Have you feared to present before your consultation charities? Then when you do not and Allah has forgiven you, then [at least] establish prayer and give zakah and obey Allah and His Messenger. And Allah is Acquainted with what you do. Surah al Mujadila verse 13
And establish prayer and give zakah and bow with those who bow [in worship and obedience]. Surah Al Bakarah verse 43
The believing men and believing women are allies of one another. They enjoin what is right and forbid what is wrong and establish prayer and give zakah and obey Allah and His Messenger. Those – Allah will have mercy upon them. Indeed, Allah is Exalted in Might and Wise. Surah ut Tauba verse 71.
Proof from Hadith
Narrated Ibn `Abbas: The Prophet (saws) sent Mu`adh to Yemen and said, Invite the people to testify that none has the right to be worshipped but Allah and I am Allah’s Apostle, and if they obey you to do so, then teach them that Allah has enjoined on them five prayers in every day and night (in twenty-four hours), and if they obey you to do so, then teach them that Allah has made it obligatory for them to pay the Zakat from their property and it is to be taken from the wealthy among them and given to the poor. Sahih Bukhari book of zakat Hadith no 1395.
Narrated Abu Huraira: A Bedouin came to the Prophet and said, Tell me of such a deed as will make me enter Paradise, if I do it. The Prophet (p.b.u.h) said, Worship Allah, and worship none along with Him, offer the (five) prescribed compulsory prayers perfectly, pay the compulsory Zakat, and fast the month of Ramadan. The Bedouin said, By Him, in Whose Hands my life is, I will not do more than this. When he (the Bedouin) left, the Prophet said, Whoever likes to see a man of Paradise, then he may look at this man. Narrated Abu Zur’a: From the Prophet the same as above. Sahih Bukhari book of zakat Hadith no 1397
Narrated Jarir bin `Abdullah: I gave the pledge of allegiance to the Prophet for offering prayer perfectly, giving Zakat, and giving good advice to every Muslim. Sahih Bukhari book of Zakat Hadith no 1401
(If you some mistake in this article. Please feel free to contact us and point it out. We will try to correct it in the light if Quran and Sunnah. May Allah bless us with the authentic knowledge of Islam. May this effort. Of ours ease the way of jannah for our family Amin. )