Surah Fatiha is the first Surah of Quran and is completely a blessing for Muslims. It is praise of ALLAH as well as a prayer that asks for guidance help from ALLAH. The important of this Surah can be guessed from the fact that it is obligatory part of every Salah. Muslims are supposed to recite this Surah in every Rakat five times a day while offering prayer. Surah Fatiha has a special meaning and special purpose as described below
Meaning of Surah
The word Surah has different meanings in Arabic language.
1. Strong Foundation
Word Surah means the foundation of a wall which makes it strong.
2. An Outer Protective Wall
Word Surah also means a wall which is made around some precious gems to protect them from outer interference.
3. A Mark
Surah means a special mark or brand name.
4. Beautiful Building
Word Surah means a beautiful building which is very high and best in its own self.
5. High Standard
Word Surah also means something which is very high in standard.
6. A Fence
Word Surah also means a fence which keep things inside its protection.
Literal Meaning of Word Surah
The word Surah is derived from word sur. The literal meaning of Surah is chapter as it symbolizes every chapter of Quran.
Meaning of Fatiha
The word Fatiha is derived from the word Fatah which means to disclose or explain. It is the first Surah of Quran and its meaning is the opening or the opener.
Translation of Surah Fatiha
Praise to the lord of worlds.
Most merciful most beneficial.
The master of the day of judgement.
It is You we worship and You we ask for help.
Guide us to the straight path –
The path of those upon whom You have bestowed favour
not of those who have evoked [Your] anger or of those who are astray.
Explanation of Surah Fatiha
This Surah is the opening Surah of Quran and it is like the whole summary or preface of Quran. This Surah is very important. This Surah is full of praise and tauheed for Allah. The first three verses are appraising Allah then the fourth verse is one in which one asks for help from Allah (swt). This is the verse about which Allah mentions that this is a verse between me and my worshipper. When someone recites this verse then Allah (swt) grants him whatever he asks for.
The fifth verse is the one in which one asks for the guidance from Allah (swt).
Then in the sixth verse Allah(swt) wants one to choose the path of those who were rewarded by Him.
Seventh verse tells about the type of people one don’t wants to follow as they are the ones who are disobedient and dis believer.
Different Names of Surah Al Fatiha
It was a very common practice in Arabs that a thing which was most beloved, they gave it many names. So Surah Fatiha was also known by various names.
1. It is the opener surah of Quran and known as the mother of the Quran.
2. It is also known as Hamd
3. Al Asas (foundation) is another name of Surah Al Fatiha
4. Another name of Surah al Fatiha is Surah al Shifa( cure).
5. It is also called Al Ruqqaiya ( remedy)
6. Surah e dua
7. Surah e kafiya
8. Sabha masani (7 verses which are repeated again and again)
9. As Salah because it is an integral part of Salah
Revelation of Surah Fatiha
This was the very first Surah which was revealed as a whole on our beloved Prophet. It was a Makki Surah and have 7 verses.
Tasmiyah a Part of This Surah or Not
This Surah has seven verses. There is a contradiction between the scholars about the division of the verses. According to some the last verses of this Surah
صِرَاطَ الَّذِیۡنَ اَنۡعَمۡتَ عَلَیۡہِمۡ ۙ ۬ غَیۡرِ الۡمَغۡضُوۡبِ عَلَیۡہِمۡ وَ لَا الضَّآلِّیۡنَ.
are one and Tasmiyah is a permanent verse of this Surah but according to other, Tasmiyah is just a tradition to start the Surah and these are two verses instead of one but in both conditions, the number of verses remains the same.
Aim of Surah Al Fatiha
This surah aims towards teaching the muslims a way of praising Allah and asking for guidance towards the right path which is ofcourse the path of Prophets.
Benefits of Surah Fatiha
- Surah fatiha is basically a general invocation.
- Surah fatiha is a healer for the whole body
- It is an invocation for asking guidance from Allah.
- It is a way to praise Allah.
- It strengthens the believe and takwa of a person on Allah (swt)
Narrated Abu Sa`id Al-Khudri: While we were on one of our journeys, we dismounted at a place where a slave girl came and said, The chief of this tribe has been stung by a scorpion and our men are not present; is there anybody among you who can treat him (by reciting something)? Then one of our men went along with her though we did not think that he knew any such treatment. But he treated the chief by reciting something, and the sick man recovered whereupon he gave him thirty sheep and gave us milk to drink (as a reward). When he returned, we asked our friend, Did you know how to treat with the recitation of something? He said, No, but I treated him only with the recitation of the Mother of the Book (i.e., Al-Fatiha). We said, Do not say anything (about it) till we reach or ask the Prophet so when we reached Medina, we mentioned that to the Prophet (in order to know whether the sheep which we had taken were lawful to take or not). The Prophet said, How did he come to know that it (Al-Fatiha) could be used for treatment? Distribute your reward and assign for me one share thereof as well. Sahih bukhari book of virtues of Quran hadith 5007
Proof from Hadith
Narrated Abu Sa`id Al-Mu’alla: While I was praying, the Prophet called me but I did not respond to his call. Later I said, O Allah’s Apostle! I was praying. He said, Didn’t Allah say: ‘O you who believe! Give your response to Allah (by obeying Him) and to His Apostle when he calls you’? (8.24) He then said, Shall I not teach you the most superior Surah in the Qur’an? He said, ‘(It is), ‘Praise be to Allah, the Lord of the worlds. ‘ (i.e., Surat Al-Fatiha) which consists of seven repeatedly recited Verses and the Magnificent Qur’an which was given to me. sahih bukhari book of virtues of Quran hadith 5006
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