Quran is the sea of knowledge and it is the book of guidance for the humans till the end of the world. Each and every surah of Quran had some hidden message and benefits. Each surah is enriched with the worldly and everlasting benefits. These surahs through light on different aspects of the light and also guides one how to live the life in this world to be benefited by it forever in this world and in the world hereafter. Surah Al-Kahf is the 18th surah of Quran which is very important as per to its content. Surah Kahf is a Quranic surah which encloses different Islamic stories and messages in it. The information about this surah is as under.
Meaning of Kahf
The word Kahf means the cave. this surah starts with the story of people of cave who were called as Ashab e Kahf and the surah is named over them.
Explanation of Surah Kahf
This surah is divided into many parts and has different topics to discuss.
First and last verses of surah
The first 9 verses of this surah are about the greatness of Quran and the guidance which Allah had sent through the Quran. These verses also terrify the non-believers from the fire of hell. Similarly the last 10 verses also discuss the same topic.
Story of Ashab al Kahf Verses 9 – 26
It is a story of faith of 7 people who were very pious but due to the fear of the disbelieving king of that time, they hid themselves in the cave and asked for protection from Allah. Allah made them sleep for 309 years and when they woke up, the whole town was changed and everyone was a Muslim. The story of seven sleepers is a part of bible as well but of course it is a fake and fabricated story which is totally in contrast to the story of Quran. That is why Allah mentioned Christians in the first 10 verses of this surah in which it is written that those people who says that Allah has a son.
The Story of Two Gardeners Verses 32-44
This story is about the wealth .There were two Muslim gardeners, one of them was very rich and other was poor. The rich was arrogant and show off. the rich gardener was proud off his gardens and did not thank Allah for the blessings instead he claimed that these fruitful gardens are because of his hard work. The poor gardener was hurt by the words of rich gardener and said that Allah could take all this from you because Allah is the Bestower of everything, you must thank Allah for the blessing instead. The same night angels from Allah came and destroyed the gardens of rich man.
Story of Al Khidr and Prophet Moosa 60- 82
The story is about knowledge. Allah has blessed every person with a specific knowledge. No one can claim that the person is master in any sect. Allah had sent prophet Moosa (Peace & Blessings be upon him) to a very intelligent person named Al Khidr (Peace & Blessings be upon him) for gaining wisdom. The acts of Al Khidr (Peace & Blessings be upon him) were made Prophet Moosa (Peace & Blessings be upon him) curious and he could not stop himself but to ask Al Khidr (Peace & Blessings be upon him) questions which annoyed Al Khidr (Peace & Blessings be upon him) because Al Khidr told the Prophet Moosa (Peace & Blessings be upon him) if he cant be patient with him than he will not continue the journey with him (Peace & Blessings be upon him) so at last the Prophet Moosa (Peace & Blessings be upon him) could not resist on being patient and the journey had to end.
Story of Zul Qurnain Verses 83-98
This story is about the power and guidance. Zul Qurnain (Peace & Blessings be upon him) is a person with great power and guidance. He travelled across the world to the east and to the west, and does justice amongst the people. On one place he finds hajuj and majuj who came to the land, looted them and then go back to their place. It was their routine to do that then Zul Qurnain (Peace & Blessings be upon him) with his wisdom made a wall between the people and hajuj and majuj.
Interconnection of Aforesaid Four Stories
There are in fact two worlds, one is visible and other is invisible but both the worlds are empowered and run by Allah. The first two stories shows that interference or involvement of Allah in the worldly matters is visible to the people because the sleep and disaster was brought by Allah only and in last two stories His interference is invisible as Al Khidr and Zul Qurnain (Peace & Blessings be upon them) were doing it (visibly) on the behalf of Allah . It means that every act in this world whether visible or invisible are done by Allah.
Secondly Allah shows the connection of this world and the everlasting world. This world is the place to be benefited from and a way to strengthen the faith in Allah. This Surah shows one should keep a balance in this world and the everlasting world. Allah by the verses of this Surah shows that only religion is not sufficient but there should be a balance among the religion and this world. The verses of last two stories where Allah had mentioned about the effort put by Al Khidr and Zul Qurnain (Peace & Blessings be upon them) shows that the knowledge of the world is also important to survive and be benefited in this world.
Revelation of Surah Kahf
It is a makki Surah, having 110 verses and 12 rukkus.
History of Revelation of Surah Kahf
Once a group of some Jew scholars sent a delegation to our beloved Prophet (Peace & Blessings be upon him) to confirm that he is a Prophet or not. The delegation asked him three questions
- Who were the people of cave?
- Who was Zul Qurnain?
- What is Ruh (soul)
Our beloved Prophet (Peace & Blessings be upon him) told them they he will answer the questions tomorrow but he (Peace & Blessings be upon him) forgot to say in sha Allah for next lessons of Surah Kahf days, no revelation was made by Allah and people started gossiping about the Prophet (Peace & Blessings be upon him) which made him sad. On fifteenth day, Allah revealed this surah which has the answers of the questions. The question about the Ruh was answered in another surah 17:85.
In this surah, Allah also admonished the Prophet (Peace & Blessings be upon him) to say in sha ALLAH before saying anything instead of saying I will do this tomorrow. See verses 23 and 24 of surah al Kahf.
Lessons from Surah al Kahf
There are four stories in this Surah and all of them have different hidden lessons and aims.
Messages from First Story
In this story Allah tells us that whatever the circumstances may be Allah is with all those who have faith on Him and He will protect the believers in a unique and astonishing way that it will become the lesson for others.
Secondly Allah is the one who can do anything and everything. The sleeping and waking up of the Ashab-e-Kahf shows that Allah is the master of life and death, it also helps in affirming the believe of a person on the Sovereignty of Allah.
Message Through Second Story
This story shows that everything in this world is the blessing of Allah and one should not show off in front of anyone for the blessings Allah have bestowed upon him, because the arrogant words can hurt the feelings of others which is not right and just to do as a Muslim. Not only words of arrogance are disliked but the thoughts of arrogance also have the same effect.
It was narrated from ‘Abd-Allaah ibn Mas’ood (May Allah be pleased with him) that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “No one who has an atom’s-weight of arrogance in his heart will enter Paradise.” A man said, “O Messenger of Allaah, what if a man likes his clothes and his shoes to look good?” He said, “Allaah is Beautiful and loves beauty. Arrogance means rejecting the truth and looking down on people.” Narrated by Muslim, 91.
Message Through Third Story
The story of Al Khidr (Peace & Blessings be upon him) and Prophet Moosa (peace & blessings be upon him) shows that Al Khidr (Peace & Blessing be upon him) had done three things which were negative but the impact of these things or the hidden purpose of those acts were positive and they were the decisions of ALLAH (S.W.T) according to the situation.
- This story gives us a message that whenever the circumstances are negative, it does not mean that ALLAH does not love you but this shows that ALLAH have done everything for your benefits which may not be visible right now but one will understand the reason behind that act of ALLAH later on and will be rewarded in sha ALLAH.
- Secondly, if one do good deeds then Allah will reward the person and his or her next generations.
- Thirdly there is a valid and good reason behind every act of Allah so one should be patient and should not bother of others question about his deeds according to the will of ALLAH.
- Fourthly, the patience is the key to success.
Message Through Forth Story
This story shows that whenever a person have power, he should be just. He should use his wisdom to protect the people and help them.
Importance of Surah Kahf
- One who memorizes the first 10 verses of Surah al Kahf will remain safe from the Dajjal because the first 10 verses are about the Ashab e Kahf who seek protection of Allah from an evil king and Allah protected them.
- It enlightens and becomes witness on the day of judgement for the person who recites it.
- If one recites the Surah al Kahf on one Friday then it will enlighten from one Friday to another Friday.
Connection of Surah al Kahf with Dajjal
It is said to recite first and last ten verses of Surah al Kahf to avoid the danger or fitna of Dajjal. If one analyze these verses deeply then he can see that these verses of Surah Kahf describes about the fitna which will be spread by Dajjal. The first 8 verses are about the fitna of dajjal and then the ninth verse of surah is about Ashab e Kahf and in the tenth verse Allah talks about the invocation of the ashab e Kahf. This invocation was made for protection from the fitna of the evil and disbelieving king of that time.
If one deeply study these 10 verses , one will find himself in the same position which was happened at the time of ashab e Kahf where evil powers wanted to overcome the muslims and Allah is the only refuge for the believers . The invocation in the 10th verse for protection from the evil king will become the of protection from the Dajjal.
Importance shown from hadith
Narrated Al-Bara’: A man was reciting Surat Al-Kahf and his horse was tied with two ropes beside him. A cloud came down and spread over that man, and it kept on coming closer and closer to him till his horse started jumping (as if afraid of something). When it was morning, the man came to the Prophet (Peace & Blessings be upon him), and told him of that experience. The Prophet (Peace & Blessings be upon him) said, That was As-Sakina (tranquility) which descended because of (the recitation of) the Qur’an. Sahih bukhari book of virtues of Quran hadith 5011
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