The status of a woman in accordance with Islam is very clear but it is always misinterpreted and misunderstood by the people who have less knowledge of Islam and non-Muslims as well. Islam is the first religion which recognises the rights of a woman over man. Islam is the most modern and liberal religion in all aspects and it gives the rights of marriage with free will, divorce, inheritance, knowledge, giving witness etc. to the woman.
Words used for a woman in Quran
The word Nissa is used for woman in Quran. This is not the only word used but woman is called by many other names in Quran like Mominaat, Muslimaat, Insa etc.
Value of woman before Islam
Before Islam, women were considered as a commodity instead of a human being. She had no rights and value. She was used by the man of the society and treated like animals. Non-Muslims used to bury their daughters alive. When they heard the news of a new born daughter, they became sad and then buried their daughters. They were also sold and bought and it was very common at that time. Woman had no rights of marriage and divorce. Even after giving divorce, a man could keep her for his pride and no one had the guts to say anything. She could not own anything. They were only considered as a means of pleasure for man. Woman was also inherited by her parents or brothers as a ransom for some wrong doings.
Four great woman of Islam
- Bibi Khadeeja
- Fatima Bint Muhammad (PBUH)
- Asiya Bint Mazahim (wife of pharaoh)
- Maryam Bint Imran
Share in inherited property or money
It is a right of a woman to get a share in the property or money of the father. She gets half amount of her brother. This point is always criticised by people but the reason behind the half share is very simple. The woman is the sole owner of her share. She don’t have to spend that share on anyone whether her husband or children or anyone but the share of the brother has to be spent on the others (children, wife, parents, sisters . Even the sister who got her share also comes in the list on which the share of the brother has to be spent) as man is responsible for the financial matters.
Respect given to woman by Quran
One surah of Quran named surah Nissa is specifically addressed to the woman and has many rights and duties and also the secret matters of woman are discussed in this surah. There is no surah in Quran which is specially addressed to man. Another Surah is named after the name of Bibi Maryam as well in which the journey of her delivery time is discussed.
Rights of woman in Islam
There is a vast list of rights of a woman in Islam and some of them are as under. We will discuss them in separate articles as well.
1. man and woman equal but different
Islam made man and woman equal but not similar. Man and woman are different from each other physically and emotionally but they both have equal rights over matters.
2. Sacred creation of Allah
A woman is considered a very sacred creation of Allah in Islam that’s why she is commanded to cover herself for her own protection.
3. Grievance on birth of daughter
It is prohibited to bury the daughters at their birth or afterwards or even to became sad on the birth is also condemned and prohibited.
4.woman as ransom
The inheritance of woman as a ransom was also prohibited by Islam.
5.Share in property
There is a share for woman in the property or money of their parents or husband.
6.Man a protector
Man is not an authority over woman but a protector . The financial expenses of a woman are also the responsibly of a man whether the father, brother, husband or son or any close relative of the woman who is mehrem to her.
Woman has the right to marry the person of her choice. No one can oppress and force her to marry according to their choices.
8. Status of woman in eyes of Allah
Man and woman are equal in the eyes of Allah.
9.woman and right to worship
Woman has the right to worship Allah unlike the other religions and cultures where this right is only given to man to worship their Gods and they are the ones who can be benefit by their Gods.
10. woman is not inferior but vulnerable
Islam also acknowledged the physical difference of a woman from a man but her physical and emotional vulnerability does not make her inferior to man. This difference is made by Allah and it should be respected by everyone.
11.woman a partner
There are equal rights of woman in marriage and she should be considered a partner and not a slave.
12.right to remarry
Woman can remarry after divorce or death of the husband.
13.right to divorce
Woman can also demand divorce if she does not like her husband or having any other issue with him.
Woman can demand money for breast feeding her own children.
15.right to live independently
Woman can also demand a separate house from her husband.
Woman has a right in inheritance of her father or husband.
Woman has an equal right to get education. Bibi Ayesha (R.A) was the example of woman of Islam as an educated woman.
18. property owner
Woman can own a property or business of her own. This right was given by modern cultures in late 18th century to the woman to own their own property.
19. buying and selling property
Woman can sell or buy property or any other thing.
20. Right of maintenance
A woman has a right to be maintained by the man whether her father, brother, husband or son and if she had no one then it is the responsibility of the leader of that time to maintain that woman. Islam has freed her from the responsibility to earn for her but she wants to then she also has the right to work.
21. right to dower
As a wife, security of dower ( haq meher) in marriage is also given to him.
22.woman as a wife
As a wife, she is the half iman of her husband and a man is considered the best of all if he is good with his wife
23.woman as a daughter
As a daughter, she is a ticket to Jannah for her father.
24. woman as a sister
As a sister, she is a ticket to Jannah for her brothers if the brothers give the sisters her rights.
25. woman as a mother
As a mother, she has the right over her children and she is also a ticket to Jannah for her children.
26. woman accused by someone
The chastity of a woman is protected by Islam. If a man falsely accused a woman he is liable and punishable.
27.woman if raped
If a woman is raped then the person liable should be hanged till death.
28. jahad or war
In Islam, woman can also take part in Jahad or war. this right was given 1400 years ago by Islam which a modern woman considers a right given by the modern laws.
Quran and woman
For men is a share of what the parents and close relatives leave, and for women is a share of what the parents and close relatives leave, be it little or much – an obligatory share. Surah Nissa verse 7.
O you who have believed, it is not lawful for you to inherit women by compulsion surah Nissa verse 19.
[It was] so that Allah may punish the hypocrite men and hypocrite women and the men and women who associate others with Him and that Allah may accept repentance from the believing men and believing women. And ever is Allah Forgiving and Merciful. Surah Ahzaab verse 73.
Hadith and woman
The most complete of the believers in faith, is the one with the best character. And the best of you are those who are best to their women. Tirmidhi sharif
Anas (may Allah be pleased with him) narrated that the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) was asked, ‘O Messenger of Allah, which of the people is most beloved to you?’
He answered: “`A’ishah.”
He was asked, ‘And among men?’
He said: ‘Her father.‘ ibn Majah
Abu Sa’eed Al-Khudri reported: The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, said, “There is not one of you with three daughters or two daughters fearing Allah regarding them and treating them in the best manner, except that he will enter Paradise.”Musnad Aḥmad hadith no 10991
If you find any mistake in this article please feel free to contact us and point it out for us. We will try to correct it in the light of Quran and Sunnah.may Allah ease the way of jannah for our family. May Allah bless us all with authentic knowledge of Islam. Amin