Tauheed or shahadah means to believe in oneness of Allah and Shahdah means to observe, to witness.
Explanation of Shahdah
Shahdah is the first and most important pillar of Islam. It is the base of Islam. If one fulfill all the duties as a muslim but do not accept the oneness of Allah then he is not considered to be a Muslim.
The believers if other religions also offer prayers, observe fasting and give charity but they do not believe in oneness of Allah thats why they are not Muslims. Islam is like a building and Shahdah is its door.
Concept of Tauheed
This means that Allah is one. He is alone in His acts. There is no deity but Allah. There is no mother or father or children of Allah. As In Surah Alsafat verse number 35, ALLAH narrates
Indeed they, when it was said to them, “There is no deity but Allah ,” were arrogant.
Surah Muhammad verse 19 narrates
So know, [O Muhammad], that there is no deity except Allah and ask forgiveness for your sin and for the believing men and believing women. And Allah knows of your movement and your resting place.
Verses of Shahadah
As per Sunnah there are two verses of shahadah.
Following is the Kalima Tauheed
لا إِلَهَ إِلاَّ اللَّهُ مُحَمَّدٌ رَسُولُ اللہ
While reciting the following Kalima one gives the proof of shahadah
أَشْهَدُ أنْ لا إلَٰهَ إِلَّا اللهُ وَحْدَهُ لَا شَرِيْكَ لَهُ وَأشْهَدُ أنَّ مُحَمَّدًا عَبْدُهُ وَرَسُولُهُ
Aspects of Shahadah
There are two aspects of shahadah.
• Hazrat Muhammad (P.B.U.H) is the last Prophet of ALLAH.
This means that Allah is one. He is worthy of worship alone and no one is like Him. He is the Sovereign and we all depend on Him for our day to day life.
Hazrat Muhammad is the last Prophet
A Muslim should believe that Hazrat Muhammad is the last Prophet of Allah and his messenger. He also bows down to Allah. Jews believe in Allah but do not believe that Hazrat Muhammad(p.b.u.h) is the last messenger that is why they are excluded from the circle of Islam.
Essence of Shahadah
• The person must observe shahadah with his free consent without any compulsion
• Shahadah does not mean only to utter the words from the mouth but to understand the essence and logic of these words.
Obligations of Shahadah
Shahadah requires some obligations that are much important to follow.
The first obligation of shahdah is to have complete faith on Allah and his sovereignty. When Allah created hazrat Adam (A. S) He taught him
“La elaha illalah”
The second obligation is to remain sincere with Allah and to perform all the Islamic rules with sincerity.
The believer should accept the decisions of Allah wholeheartedly. One should believe that whatever is happening is happening with the will of Allah.
The believer should submit its will in front of Allah. Here submission is not used in negative sense but it means that person should follow the teachings of Islam with his free will.
It means that the believer should maintain peace and preach peace.
Reliance on Allah
The next obligation is to have faith and reliance in Allah. One should believe that everything is under command of Allah and He is the main authority.
A believer should be thankful to Allah for all His blessings.
One should love his creator as it is His right to be loved.
Obligations for second part of Shahadah
One should follow the path which is shown to us by our beloved Holy Prophet (p.b.u.h). Allah sent all His commandments but our beloved Prophet showed us how to perform them. So to follow the sunnah is most important thing after following Quran.
It is mandatory for every one to respect our beloved Prophet (p.b.u.h) and to ensure that no one should disrespect him.
The life and personality of our beloved Prophet is guidance for us so we should follow it to live our lives according to the teachings of Islam.
It is obligatory for the Muslims to love the Prophet as it is his right to be loved.
When a person fulfills all the obligations of Shahadah, then he can enter the religion of Islam.
If you some mistake in this article. Please feel free to contact us and point it out. We will try to correct it in the light if Quran and Sunnah. May Allah bless us with the authentic knowledge of Islam. May this effort of ours ease the way of jannah for our family Amin.