Sajda Sahav is actually a prostration to Allah in order to compensation for any mistake in the Salah. There are only two conditions in which sajda sahav is necessary. For all the other small mistakes, Allah is the best of forgivers and there is no need to perform sajda sahav.
- If one forgets to read tashad and stands to read the next rakat.
- If one increases or decreases a rakat of Salah.
- Forgetting Tashad
If one forgets to read tashad in 2nd rakat and stands to read the third rakat then sajda sahav is necessary to perform. If a person does not stand properly as a qayam his body is still bended and he remembers about the forgotten tashad then he can sit immediately and complete his tashad. Then there is no need of Sujood e sahav. Similarly if a person forgets to read tashad and say tasleema after sujood then he have to perform sujood e sahav.
- Increase or Decrease of Rakat
If by mistake, there is an increase or decrease of a rakat in salah, then sujood e sahav in obligatory.
Narrated’ `Abdullah: Once Allah’s Apostle offered five rak`at in the Zuhr prayer, and somebody asked him whether there was some increase in the prayer. Allah’s Apostle said, What is that? He said, You have offered five rak`at. So Allah’s Apostle performed two prostrations of Sahu after Taslim. Sahih bukhari book of sajda sahav hadith 1226
Procedure of sujood e sahav
Sujood is sahav is performed by two methods.
- Before tasleemah
- After tasleemah
If the above mentioned mistakes have taken place during Salah and one remembers it before tasleemah then he can perform prostration before tasleemah. If person wants to do sujood e sahav before tasleemah then he should do two sujood after darood e ibraheemi n dua and then say tasleemah immediately.
Narrated `Abdullah bin Buhaina: Allah’s Apostle once led us in a prayer and offered two rak`at and got up (for the third rak`a) without sitting (after the second rak`a). The people also got up with him, and when he was about to finish his prayer, we waited for him to finish the prayer with Taslim but he said Takbir before Taslim and performed two prostrations while sitting and then finished the prayer with Taslim. Sahih bukhari book of sajda sahav hadith 1224
If one remembers about the mistake after saying tasleemah then he should again prostrate twice then read tasheed, kalima Shahdah, darood e ibraheemi, dua and tasleemah.
most recommended method
Both methods are correct but the later one is more recommanded. It is not proper to interupt salah in between but if one does it, then its not a problem. If one do prostration after tasleemah then it is more appropriate.
Time for Sajda Sahav:
There is no fix time of sajda sahav actually. If one remembers after 10 hours about his mistake during the salah, he can perform sujood e sahav ab that time.
Narrated Abu Huraira: The Prophet led us in the `Asr or the Zuhr prayer and finished it with Taslim. Dhul-Yadain said to him, O Allah’s Apostle! Has the prayer been reduced? The Prophet asked his companions in the affirmative. So Allah’s Apostle I offered two more rak`at and then performed two prostrations (of Sahu). Sa`d said, I saw that ‘Urwa bin Az-Zubair had offered two rak`at in the Maghrib prayer and finished it with Taslim. He then talked (and when he was informed about it) he completed the rest of his prayer and performed two prostrations, and said, ‘The Prophet prayed like this.’ Sahih bukhari book of sajda sahav hadith 1227
Proof of Sajda e sahav from hadith
Narrated Abu Huraira: Allah’s Apostle said, When the call for prayer is made, Satan takes to his heels passing wind so that he may not hear the Adhan and when the call is finished he comes back, and when the Iqama is pronounced, Satan again takes to his heels, and when the Iqama is finished he comes back again and tries to interfere with the person and his thoughts and say, Remember this and that (which he has not thought of before the prayer) , till the praying person forgets how much he has prayed. If anyone of you does not remember whether he has offered three or four rak`at then he should perform two prostrations of Sahu while sitting. Sahih bukhari book of sajda sahav hadith 1231.
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