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Prohibitions in Islam



Islam is a religion which provides a full code of life. It throws light on each and every aspect of life. There are good tidings as well as the commination in the verses of Quran for the good and bad people respectively. The acts which are prohibited by Allah are because of its underlying damages to the personal and social life of a person and some acts ofcourse effects the society as a whole.

Boundaries or limitations  in Islam

In Islam, many rights and duties are given to Muslims but there are also some restrictions imposed on them. There are also some acts which are made obligatory, some are permissible and others are seriously condemned and prohibited by Allah (SWT) and His Prophet (PBUH) for betterment of mankind. There are different categories of these commandments in Islam which in Arabic are called Hadood Allah. There are actually five types of commandments given in Quran and Sunnah which are known as Ahkam al Khamasa. Let us put some light on these.

Meaning of Hadood  Allah

The word hadood is actually the plural of word hadd which means limitation. So anything which is made obligatory or which is prohibited by Allah and His beloved Prophet (PBUH) are called Hadood Allah.

Ahkam al Khamasa

The word Ahkam is the plural of word hukm which means commandments and khamsa means five so Ahkam e Khamsa means 5 types of commandments. There are actually five types of commandments according to Quran from pemitted to prohibited acts. These five catagories are given below.

  1. Fard or obligatory
  2.  Mustahab or Sunnah
  3. Mubah or permissible
  4. Makruh or disliked
  5. Haram or prohibited

Fard or obligatory acts

These are the commandments which are made compulsory or obligatory on the Muslims to perform. If one does not fulfil these duties then he is liable in front of Allah. These acts are Shahdah, Salah, Hajj, Fasting ,Zakat , maintenance of family etc.

Mustahab or Sunnah acts

There are some acts which are mustahab in Islam. These are the acts which are recommended and have additional benefits in gaining good status as a Muslim in front of Allah. Some of them are sadaqah, Umrah, tahyatil masjid, salat e taraweeh, sunnah rakat in Salah etc.  These are the acts which are sunnahs of our beloved Prophet but these should not be mixed with fard acts. Sunnahs can be followed or left but to give them the value of a fard act is also against Islamic rules as it is equivalent to crossing the lines of Allah.

Mubah or permissible acts

These are the acts which are permissible .These acts are not considered sinful and have no additional benefits. These are the day to day life matters of a person in which Allah let us use our intellect and made decisions according to our own wishes.

Makrooh or disliked acts

These are the acts which are offensive and not liked by Allah(SWT) and His Holy Prophet (PBUH). One should obstain from these acts as this will grant them a higher place in Jannah. For example, using excessive water during Wudu, opening fast late at time of Aftaar, eating some animals which are makrooh like dog, dunkey, smell of tobacco before Salah etc.

Haram or prohibited acts

The word haram means forbidden acts, set aside acts. These are the acts which are condemned strictly in Quran and Sunnah and no matter what, these cannot be done in any circumstances or state of mind or with any intention.  The things which are haram are the ones which have a bad impact on ones personal life and for deen as well. These acts are sinful and have bad impacts on the life of this world and the everlasting world. Some haram acts are bad for the individual and others are bad for him as well as the people around him. Haram acts are

  1. Shirk ( Quran 4.48)
  2. Murder (Quran 25:68)
  3. Black magic (Quran 2:102)
  4. Not praying (Quran 19:59)
  5. Withholding charity (Quran 3:180)
  6. Not fasting during Ramadan without excuse (2:183)
  7. Music
  8. Not performing Hajj (3:97)
  9. Disrespecting parents (Quran 17:23)
  10. Cutting off ties of relationships (Quran 47:22)
  11. Tattoos
  12. Adultery (Quran 17:32)
  13. Homosexuality
  14. Interest (Ribbah) (Quran 2:275)
  15. Ungratefulness (Quran (2: 152)
  16. Eating pork or any meat without taking name of Allah over it (Quran 6: 145)
  17. Despairing from Allah’s help (Quran 39: 54)
  18. Wrongfully keeping property of an orphan (Quran 4:10)
  19. Lying about Allah and His Prophet (PBUH) (Quran 39:60)
  20. Running away from battle field (Quran 8:16)
  21. Unjust and deceiving leadership (Quran 42:42)
  22. Pride (Quran 16: 23)
  23. Preaching errors
  24. False witness
  25. Drinking alcohol (Quran 5:90)
  26. Gambling (Quran 5:90)
  27. Slandering chaste woman (Quran 24:23)
  28. Stealing from exploits of war (Quran 3:161)
  29. Plotting evil (Quran 35: 43)
  30. Stealing (Quran 5:38)
  31. Highway robbery (Quran 5;33)
  32. False oaths (Quran 25: 72)
  33. Oppression (Quran 26: 277)
  34. Illegal tax levying
  35. Unlawfully gained wealth
  36. Suicide (Quran 4:29)
  37. Lying (Quran 3: 61)
  38. Unjust judgements (Quran 5:44)
  39. Bribing (Quran 2:188)
  40. Imitating opposite genders (Quran 42: 37)
  41. Being cuckold or pimp
  42. Marrying a woman falsely in order to make her lawful for previous husband (Quran 2: 230)
  43. Not protecting oneself from drops of urine (Quran 74:4)
  44. Showing off (Quran 107: 4 to 6)
  45. Gaining knowledge and not spreading it (Quran 2:159)
  46. Betrayal (Quran 8: 27)
  47. Recounting favors (Quran 2: 264)
  48. Abusing companions of Allah
  49. Denying fate
  50. Listening to private conversations (Quran 49: 12)
  51. Spreading harmful rumors or tales (Quran 68:10)
  52. Cursing
  53. Breaking contracts
  54. Believing in astrologers
  55. Bad conduct towards the husband (Quran 4:43)
  56. Making statues
  57. Striking oneself or Tearing clothes etc while sad
  58. Overbearing conduct towards wife, servant, weak and animals
  59. Treating others unjust (Quran 42:42)
  60. Offending neighbours
  61. Offending other Muslims
  62. Arrogant attitude towards others
  63. Trailing garments in pride
  64. Man wearing silk or gold
  65. Slave running away from master
  66. Slaughtering animals dedicated in the name of someone else than Allah (Quran 6:121)
  67. Knowingly ascribe the paternity of someone
  68. Arguing and disputing
  69. Withhold excess water (Quran 67: 30)
  70. Giving short measures and weights while dealing (Quran 83: 1 to 3)

Some of these are easily understandable but some are complicated to understand. We will discuss them in other articles to give a clear overview of prohibitions that why some acts are prohibited.


If you find any mistake in this article please feel free to contact us and point it out. We will try to correct it in the light of Quran and Sunnah. May Allah bless us all with the authentic knowledge of Islam. May this effort of ours ease the way of jannah for our family.

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