In Islam, magic is prohibited to be done for any purpose. One may assume that it is done for the good purpose but it is prohibited in any case. The reason of its being prohibited is that it is a satanic act. The meaning, history, and other information about magic is as under.
Meaning of magic
An act or series of acts which are done maliciously and also involves supposed invocation of demons and Satan for evil purpose.
What is white magic and black magic?
These are the actual terms which are used by western countries in order to distinguish between good magic or bad magic but in Islam, there is no different types of magic. Magic is prohibited whether good or bad.
History of magic
There are many views about history of magic. There are two views which were most common.
In Surah al Bakarah verse 102, Allah had revealed about the two angels named Haroot and Maroot. These angels were sent before prophet Ibrahim in the city of Babylon. These were sent as a test to the people. They taught people magic but before teaching, they added a disclaimer that please doesn’t learn magic as it will make you a disbeliever.
Another view is that they did not teach people magic but they tell them about the place where magic was done by the demons but similarly they added a disclaimer that please doesn’t learn magic as it will make you a disbeliever.
Explanation of verse 102 of Surah Al Bakarah
Following is the verse 102 of Surah al Bakarah
And they followed [instead] what the devils had recited during the reign of Solomon. It was not Solomon who disbelieved, but the devils disbelieved, teaching people magic and that which was revealed to the two angels at Babylon, Harut and Marut. But the two angels do not teach anyone unless they say, “We are a trial, so do not disbelieve [by practicing magic].” And [yet] they learn from them that by which they cause separation between a man and his wife. But they do not harm anyone through it except by permission of Allah . And the people learn what harms them and does not benefit them. But the Children of Israel certainly knew that whoever purchased the magic would not have in the Hereafter any share. And wretched is that for which they sold themselves, if they only knew.
This verse is a very detailed verse in which a brief history of magic was revealed by Allah (SWT). Let us divide it in parts to make it easier to understand.
And they followed [instead] what the devils had recited during the reign of Solomon. It was not Solomon who disbelieved, but the devils disbelieved, teaching people magic.
In this first part, a brief history was explained about the jinns and demons at the time of Prophet Suleman. Prophet Suleman had a very vast and great kingdom. He had a power to rule wind, birds, insects, jinns. All the creations of Allah (SWT), with the permission of Allah (SWT) obeyed Prophet Suleman. There are two views about this historic incident. According to one view, after the death of Prophet Suleman, demons and Jinns claimed that they know the secret words by which Prophet Suleman ruled all the creations. Another view is that, during the time of Prophet Suleman some devils became successful in escaping the power of Prophet Suleman to rule them and then they spread the rumors that they knew the words by which Prophet Suleman used to rule all the creation. Whatever the truth be, (Allah knows best) the jinns claimed that it was magic which was used by Prophet Suleman and they know this secret magic.
Allah in this very verse negated the devils that it was not Prophet Suleman who had done Kufr but the devils. This shows that the magic is not the path of Prophet Suleman but the path of devils and jinns of that time. This was the trap of Satan to misguide the innocent people .Here the word magic is substituted by word kufr which shows that doing magic is equivalent to do kufr.
and that which was revealed to the two angels at Babylon, Harut and Marut. But the two angels do not teach anyone unless they say, “We are a trial, so do not disbelieve [by practicing magic].” And [yet] they learn from them.
In this part of this verse, the history of Haroot and Maroot was told which was described above.
by which they cause separation between a man and his wife. But they do not harm anyone through it except by permission of Allah. And the people learn what harms them and does not benefit them.
In this part Allah (SWT) explained that whoever does the magic does it to harm others only. There is no good in magic at all. And then Allah (SWT) explained that it is there misunderstanding that they did any harm to others. No one can harm or benefit other until and unless Allah (SWT) wills it. Then it is clarify that whoever learns magic does harm to himself and there is no benefit of any kind in magic.
But the Children of Israel certainly knew that whoever purchased the magic would not have in the Hereafter any share. And wretched is that for which they sold themselves, if they only knew.
In this part of verse, Allah mentioned that Jews were the ones who started to learn magic and they are the ones who have no share in the blessing of Allah in the everlasting world. Allah had cursed the Jews for their being ignorant and arrogant of the truth.
Why magic affected our beloved Prophet (PBUH) as he is purest of all creatures?
It is a commonly raised question that why magic affected our beloved Prophet (PBUH) as He is the purest of all mankind. The life of our beloved Prophet (PBUH) is a lesson for all mankind. Everything happened to him was to show us the right path and what one should do when he or she is under such situation. By the effect of magic on him, Allah showed us that magic exists in this world and how can magic affect the life of a person.
In addition to this, it was shown that what one should do when he is under the effect of magic to cure itself. Our holy Prophet (PBUH) turned towards the Quran and its verses when he was under the effect of magic. He did not go to any wizard or person for the cure, so it is best option to turn towards the verses of Quran rather than going to some wizard because 99 percent, these wizards are misleading the innocent persons.
Narrated `Aisha: Magic was worked on the Prophet so that he began to fancy that he was doing a thing which he was not actually doing. One day he invoked (Allah) for a long period and then said, I feel that Allah has inspired me as how to cure myself. Two persons came to me (in my dream) and sat, one by my head and the other by my feet. One of them asked the other, What is the ailment of this man? The other replied, ‘He has been bewitched The first asked, ‘Who has bewitched him?’ The other replied, ‘Lubaid bin Al-A’sam.’ The first one asked, ‘What material has he used?’ The other replied, ‘A comb, the hair gathered on it, and the outer skin of the pollen of the male date-palm.’ The first asked, ‘Where is that?’ The other replied, ‘It is in the well of Dharwan.’ So, the Prophet went out towards the well and then returned and said to me on his return, Its date-palms (the date-palms near the well) are like the heads of the devils. I asked, Did you take out those things with which the magic was worked? He said, No, for I have been cured by Allah and I am afraid that this action may spread evil amongst the people. Later on the well was filled up with earth. Sahih bukhari book of beginning of creation hadith 3268.
Why magic is prohibited?
- Magic is prohibited because it is kufr
- Magic is a Satanic act.
- The power of unseen is only vested in Allah so if a person believes that a person have this power then it is equivalent to do kufr.
- The outcome of magic is always evil and it is always done for evil purposes as well.
- It is done to harm others which is a disliked act in Islam.
- In magic, satanic verses are recited.
- Magic is a path of Satan.
- Practicing magic is abomination to Allah (SWT).
Cure of magic
Allah when mentions anything in Quran then He also mentions its cure in Quran as well.
- Verse 255 of Surah Al Bakarah which is Ayat Al Kursi should be recited thrice in morning and evening and once after every Salah to protect itself from bad effects of magic.
- In addition to Ayat Al Kursi, Mudawatain ( Surah Naas and Surah Falaq) should be recited as these are specially revealed when our beloved Prophet (PBUH) were under the effect of magic done by a Jew.
- One person should remain in condition of Wudu as it protects one from effect of magic as well.
- For the woman who are menstruated, it is strongly advised to recite Ayat al Kursi, and Mudawatain daily to keep them safe from effects of magic.
Can anyone accuse others of doing black magic?
No, according to Islamic perspective, it is not right to accuse others in any form. If someone accuses other, then all the good deeds and acts of worship of accuser will be given to the one who is wrongly accused by other.