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Hijab or Pardah in Islam



In Islam, covering oneself is very important. This obligation is for all the Muslims not only the women but also men.  

What is Hijab in Islam

Islam as a religion, provides the Muslims a proper uniform. The spectrum of this uniform is very broad. Islam does not enforces to wear a specific color or pattern or code but it tells us about how to cover oneself. 

Quran and Hijab 

In verse 59 of Surah Ehzab it is narrated that 

O Prophet, tell your wives and your daughters and the women of the believers to bring down over themselves [part] of their outer garments. That is more suitable that they will be known and not be abused. And ever is Allah Forgiving and Merciful. 

 In surah Noor ayat 31 

And tell the believing women to reduce [some] of their vision and guard their private parts and not expose their adornment except that which [necessarily] appears thereof and to wrap [a portion of] their head covers over their chests and not expose their adornment except to their husbands, their fathers, their husbands’ fathers, their sons, their husbands’ sons, their brothers, their brothers’ sons, their sisters’ sons, their women, that which their right hands possess, or those male attendants having no physical desire, or children who are not yet aware of the private aspects of women. And let them not stamp their feet to make known what they conceal of their adornment and turn to Allah in repentance, all of you, O believers, that you might succeed. 

In surah Noor ayat 30,Allah says 

Tell the believing men to reduce [some] of their vision and guard their private parts. That is purer for them. Indeed, Allah is Acquainted with what they do.  

Islam and Covering Up

The spectrum of covering up does not only limited to body but other things are included as well.  

Lowering One’s Gaze: 

Islam obligates the Muslims to lower their gaze first as eyes are the first weapon of satan. When a person saw another, he or she can think for that person in inappropriate manner, it is prohibited in Islam.  

Covering One’s Body (Satar 

Islam emphasizes on covering the body for male and female. For both, the covering criteria is different.  


For males, covering up the body parts from above the belly button to the end of the knees. Knees should be covered as well.  


For females, covering up the whole body is necessary. Only face, hands and feet can remain uncovered. The ankles should also be covered.  

Touching Unacquainted or Na-Mehram 

In Islam touching someone who is unacquainted or na-mehram is prohibited.  


According to some scholars it is not permissible for a woman to speak to any na-mehram or unacquainted person. But some scholars say that a woman can talk to a person but she should follow some rules.  

  1. She should talk to the person only if it needed. Without any specific purpose, she is not allowed to talk.  
  2. If a woman needs to talk to a man, she should talk to him in a strict manner so he cannot misunderstand about the woman.  
  3. She should not laugh or talk in a playful manner.   

In Islam, one is not permitted to think about a na-mehram in an inappropriate manner. His or her thoughts should also be clear and pure.  

Rules and Regulations for Dressing up

Islam like other religions does not emphasize on a specific dress code but it put some obligations on the followers which are as under. 

  • Dress should not be very tight or fitted.  
  • Dress should cover the whole body.  
  • Dress should not be very transparent or made with a see through fabric.  
  • Dress should not be very attractive.  
  • Dress should not resemble the opposite sex.  
  • Dress should not represents any other religion.  

Purpose of Hijab 

The basic purpose of hijab is 

  • To give protection to the woman. It is not a punishment for her but to save her from many problems. 
  • To respect woman. 
  • That people should know her for her abilities and not for her body.  
  • When someone sees her, he or she should appreciate her for her inner abilities and not for outer beauty. 

( If you find any mistake in this article please feel free to contact us and point it out and we will try to correct it in the light of Quran and Sunnah. May Allah bless us all with the authentic knowledge of Islam.) 

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