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Full Ablution (Ghusl)



Full ablution or ghusl is the term that describes the purification of body following the proper rules and regulation as mentioned by our religion and implemented by our beloved Prophet Muhammad(P.B.U.H).

Meaning of Ghusl

Ghusl is an Arabic word used for Full ablution of body by taking bath. 

Explanation of Ghusl

Ghusl is the process of ritually washing the whole body for the purpose of offering ritual prayers and worships in order to clean the body and to purify it in a manner  prescribed by Islam. 

Mandatory Full Ablution

Following are the conditions when Ghusl will become mandatory. 

  1. After intercourse (Ghusl e Janabat) 
  2. After monthly menstruation (Ghusl e Hayd) 
  3. Release of semen (Ghusl e Janabat) 
  4. If hidden parts of man and woman comes in contact (without intercourse) 
  5. After giving birth to child(Ghusl e Nifas) 
  6. At the death (Ghusl e Maiyyat) 
  7. After coming in contact with dead body. 

These may have different names but same procedure is used for full ablution besides for the Ghusl e maiyyat or full ablution after death.  

Recommended Full Ablution

There are also conditions when full ablution is recommended by Hadith. 

  1. Before saying Jummah (Friday) prayer 
  2. Before putting on Ehraam for Hajj 
  3. After converting to Islam 
  4. Before offering Eid prayer

 Purifying Agent

Water is the purifying agent in the case of Ghusl as well. And the water from different sources can be used for this purpose. Please read topic of Taharah to know about the sources of water, what type of water should and should not be used. 

If water not available

If water is not available in the near locality (read topic of Tayamum for this purpose) then dry ablution can be done for the whole body. 

Procedure of Ghusl

Following is the procedure of the Ghusl 

  • Do intention in one’s heart
  • Recite Bismillah 
  • Wash right hand and then left hand 
  • Wash private parts to remove impurities
  • Gargle 
  • Blow water into nose 
  • Do wudu 
  • Wash head three times 
  • Wash entire right side then left side 
  • Properly wash full body so that no strand of hair will remain dry. 

 Mandatory obligations of Ghusl

Following are the mandatory duties (faraid) of Ghusl. 

  1. Intention 
  2. Gargling 
  3. Blowing water into nose 
  4. Washing the whole body properly so that a single strand of hair will not remain dry. 

Sunnah of Ghusl

Following are the sunnah of the Ghusl. 

  1. Washing hands up to wrists
  2. Performing Wudu
  3. Pouring water on head three times
  4. Pouring water on both the shoulders three times

Proof of Ghusl from Quran

O you who have believed, do not approach prayer while you are intoxicated until you know what you are saying or in a state of janabah, except those passing through [a place of prayer], until you have washed [your whole body]. And if you are ill or on a journey or one of you comes from the place of relieving himself or you have contacted women and find no water, then seek clean earth and wipe over your faces and your hands [with it]. Indeed, Allah is ever Pardoning and Forgiving.

 Surah al Maeda verse 43

 Proof of Ghusl from Hadith

Narrated Jubair bin Mut`im: Allah’s Apostle said, As for me, I pour water three times on my head. And he pointed with both his hands. Sahih bukhari book of ablution Hadith 254 

Narrated `Aisha: Whenever the Prophet took a bath after Janaba he started by washing his hands and then performed ablution like that for the prayer. After that he would put his fingers in water and move the roots of his hair with them, and then pour three handfuls of water over his head and then pour water all over his body. Sahih bukhari book of ablution Hadith 248  

(If you find any mistake in this article please feel free to contact us and point it out. We will try to correct it in the light of Quran and Sunnah. May Allah bless us all with the authentic knowledge of Islam. May this effort of ours ease the way of Jannah for our family).

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